CCPIA Videos - Certified Commercial Property Inspectors Association

About this video:

Loading docks are listed in the ComSOP under the Doors, Windows, and Interior Section 6.5.11. The main items to keep in mind are: 

  • Inspectors should inspect all loading docks.
  • Inspectors should inspect garage doors and garage door-openers.
  • Inspectors are not required to verify or certify the safe operation of any auto-reverse or related safety functions of a garage door. 

A dock leveler, also referred to as a load leveler, is a mechanical device used in loading docks to bridge the gap and adjust for the height difference between the dock and the trailer or truck bed. The inspection of load levelers or other hoist equipment is not explicitly defined in the ComSOP. As a result, inspectors should make it clear that any elements not covered in the inspection should be disclaimed. Inspecting leveling systems may be considered technically exhaustive and may require specialized training.

In this video, we inspect four main types of loading docks, each with distinct characteristics:

  • Decline Dock: A dock that slopes toward the building and creates a downward angle for loading and unloading. Assessing drainage aspects is important. 
  • Incline Dock: An incline dock slopes away from the building and the dock and provides a gradual upward angle for loading and unloading operations.
  • Level Dock: A level dock, also referred to as a flush dock, is inline with the building and its surrounding area.
  • Cantilever Dock: Cantilever docks are similar to flush docks, but they have a cantilevered platform that extends out from the side of the building. The platform could be a load leveler. 

Depending on the loading dock setup, the main components inspectors should assess include bollard protection, railings on elevated surfaces, bumpers, grommets, drains, guide stripes, cushions, hoods, and trailer locks. A trailer lock at a loading dock is a device that keeps a trailer from moving away from the dock while it’s being loaded or unloaded. It helps prevent accidents and ensures safety.

Commercial property inspectors may encounter properties with as few as one or numerous loading docks and doors. This can significantly impact the inspection time. It’s important to research the property ahead of time and quote jobs accurately.


Additional Resources for Commercial Property Inspections: